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Pyramidy v Gíze: jediný dochovaný starověký div světa

23. září 2013

Snad každý, kdo jede na dovolenou do Egypta, si plánuje navštívit pyramidy v Gíze. Nespatřit na vlastní oči tyto unikátní stavby by byl skutečně hřích. Vždyť nejznámější z nich, Cheopsova pyramida (nebo Velká pyramida), je jediným zachovalým starověkým divem světa. Co dalšího kromě této pyramidy uvidíte? Kde přesně se pyramidy nachází a jaké vstupné do areálu očekávejte?

Pyramidy v Gíze: jediný dochovaný starověký div světaPyramidy v Gíze: jediný dochovaný starověký div světa

O pyramidách

Pyramidy v Gíze byly pravděpodobně postaveny za vlády faraóna Chufua (řecky Cheops). Jejich vznik se tedy datuje do let 2551 - 2528 před Kristem. Velká pyramida měla být údajně faraónovou hrobkou. Uvnitř se nachází 3 pohřební komory.

Výška Velké pyramidy je opravdu úctyhodná, měří dnes 137 metrů, ale v minulosti byla o 9 cm vyšší. Dokud nestála Eiffelova věž, byla Cheopsova pyramida největší stavbou světa. Její stěny jsou orientovány na všechny světové strany.

V Gíze není k vidění pouze Cheopsova pyramida, ačkoli ta láká turisty pravděpodobně nejvíce. Najdete tu ještě Chefrénovu a Menkaureovu pyramidu. Kromě těchto tří velkých pyramid tu stojí ještě tři menší (Pyramidy královen), které sloužily jako hrobky faraonových žen.

Sfinga

V areálu však nestojí jen pyramidy. Tyto stavby „hlídá“ známá Sfinga. Její původ je stále nejasný, hovoří se o tom, že si ji nechal vystavět faraón Chefrén, ovšem tyto domněnky nebyly nikdy potvrzeny. Naopak, díky jejímu stavu se spíše hovoří o tom, že Sfinga je starší než samotné pyramidy.

Socha je vysoká 21 metrů, dlouhá 74 metrů a široká 6 metrů. Jedná se o největší sochu na světě, která byla kdy vytvořena z jednoho kamene. Materiálem je vápenec, který ale podléhá povětrnostním vlivům. I proto socha pomalu chátrá. Dříve byla Sfinga pomalovaná barvami.

Kudy k pyramidám

Gíza je v současné době prakticky předměstím Káhiry. Nemusíte se obávat, že k pyramidám se budete brodit pouští. Město se (bohužel) natolik rozrůstá, že poslední domy se nachází jen několik málo metrů od areálu s pyramidami. Cestovní kanceláře běžně sjednávají organizované výlety. Pokud byste sem chtěli jet na vlastní pěst, lze využít taxi v Káhiře, metro a následně minibus, a nebo přímo káhirské autobusy.

Vstupné

Vstupné se platí jak do celého areálu, tak pak do jednotlivých pyramid. Ve vstupném do areálu je zahrnuto i vstupné ke Sfinze. Do areálu se platí okolo 60 egyptských liber, do Velké pyramidy 100 liber. Velkou pyramidu může denně navštívit maximálně 300 lidí.

 

 

 

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